Environmental conservation of natural resources practiced by villages of Ayasanda and Haraa is a result of the by laws developed by the village council. Ayasanda and Haraa are villages which conserve the environment under the community based forestry management system. These villages are located at 18 Km from Babati town to Kondoa.
Mrs Anna Belto Litemba Haraa chairperson committee said; “Ulinzi shirikishi wa msitu bila sheria hauwezi kufanikiwa”. She explained that the success on conserving the forest is through by laws. By laws establish Village Environmental Committee (VEC) at village level. The by-laws clear state the structure, functions, obligations, responsibilities, revenues, expenditures, objectives, and principles governing the committee.
In Ayasanda village, the community is allowed to graze cattle and cut trees for timber, collecting firewood at a specified as per Ayasanda village forest by laws. But in Haraa village forest by laws restrict them.
It is a big challenge to maintain sustainable conservation and improve livelihood through natural resources from the forest they are conserving. Communities around the forest should benefit and have improved livelihood from their natural forest resource. This will motivate community ownership and promote sustainable environment conservation to the community.
BY: STANFORD KALALA-YET 2011